Development of Word Generation was led by Catherine Snow (Harvard University) through a SERP collaboration with the Boston Public Schools and other districts in Massachusetts and Maryland. Support for Word Generation was provided by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Noyce Foundation, the Spencer Foundation, the Leon Lowenstein Foundation and the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education through grant numbers R305A090555 and R305F100026. The information provided does not represent views of the funders.

Word Generation Team

Catalyzing Comprehension through Discussion and Debate (2010-2016)

Research and Development Lead

Catherine Snow (Harvard University)

Project Managers

Suzanne Donovan, CCDD Project PI

Matt Ellinger

Allie Huyghe

McCaila Ingold Smith

Jill Joseph

Maria LaRusso, CCDD Project Director

Jennifer Winsor

Program Development Contributors

David Dudley

Matt Ellinger

Susannah Gordon-Messer

Patrick Hurley

Jayne Myers

Alyse Krantz

Alan Stoskopf

Halley Wheeless

Claire White


Bruce Blau

Sophia Boyer

Cara Cassell

Adell Cothorne

Sherry Lassiter

Carol Mahedy

Erin Ruegg

Halley Wheeless

Graphic Design/Media

David Dudley

Matt Ellinger

George Gumulinski

Keith McDaniel

Pooja Thacker

Program/Research Support

Rafiq Abdus-Sabur

Lyan Albino

Sophie Barnes

Michelle Dionne

Chris Eccles

Chantal Hart

Sibyl Holland

Hazel Inglis

Grace Jones

Samara Martin

Alia Mullani

Juliana Paré-Blagoev

Heidi Schubert

Emily Schwartz

Robin Shay

Kristen Smith

Joshua Steele


Stephanie Jones

Maria LaRusso

Other Research Contributors

Catherine O’Connor (Boston University)

Robert Selman (Harvard University)

Paola Uccelli (Harvard University)

Postdoctoral Fellows

Lisa Hsin (Harvard University)

Ha Yeon Kim (Harvard University)

Doctoral Students

Shireen Al-Adeimi (Harvard University)

Silvia Diazgranados (Harvard University)

Leslie Duhaylongsod (Harvard University)

Laura Edwards (Harvard University)

Tracy Elizabeth (Harvard University)

Emily Phillips Galloway (Harvard University)

Ling Hsaio (Harvard University)

Janine de Novais (Harvard University)

Wenjuan Qin (Harvard University)

Word Generation Team – IES Efficacy Study (2009-2013)

Research and Development Lead

Catherine Snow (Harvard University)


Josh Lawrence (Harvard University/University of California, Irvine)

Other Research Contributors

Amy Crosson

Juliana Paré-Blagoev

Claire White

Project Managers

Tina Cheuk

Patrick Hurley

Elaine Mo

Paul Smith

Esther Stief

Special thanks to the teachers, administrators, and students who were essential to the project, but who cannot be named for confidentiality reasons. Thanks also to the many research assistants who assisted throughout the project.

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